For economic, military and political reasons, leaders believed it was time to unify the colonies into one country. It was also felt that a unified colony would be better suited to build and finance a railroad from coast to coast.
Three historic meetings took place to figure out the details. These were at Quebec City, Charlottetown and London, England. NOTE: The meetings in England took place in the manor home known to TV viewers as Downton Abbey!
In 1867 everything came together. Canada was formally named the Dominion of Canada by an act of British Parliament known as the British North America Act. The BNA Act set out the constitution of the new country. The remaining provinces joined as follows:
- 1870 Manitoba, Northwest Territories
- 1871 British Columbia
- 1873 Prince Edward Island
- 1898 Yukon
- 1905 Alberta, Saskatchewan
- 1949 Newfoundland and Labrador
- 1999 Nunavut
What is Confederation?
Confederation means "the coming together of colonies in British North America."
The main idea of a confederation is that joining is "voluntary", which is what happened when Canada was created.