British North America
Now in control, Great Britain passed an act that allowed religious freedom for the French, permitted them to hold public office, and restored French civil law in the area, now called the Province of Quebec.
The Province of Quebec was eventually divided into Upper Canada (later Ontario), which was mainly Protestant and English-speaking, and Lower Canada (later Quebec), heavily Catholic and French-speaking.
In 1812, Canada won another major victory, defeating the United States and setting our country on its path to nationhood.
In addition to Upper and Lower Canada, by the mid 1800s Great Britain had established a number of North American colonies from the east to the west coast, each with its own history: British Columbia, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island.